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tv   Journal  PBS  October 17, 2014 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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welcome, live from berlin. >> good to have you with us. top stories this hour. nigeria reaches a cease-fire deal with boko haram, possibly paving the way for the more than 200 of duck to return home. >> ukraine -- of abducted schoolgirls to return home. >> two former yugoslavian spies appear before a munich court.
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>> we start off with breaking developments from nigeria, where the authorities say they have reached cease-fire deals with the militant islamist group boko haram. >> the presidency says the truce also covers the release of around 200 girls kidnapped from a school six months ago. mi we will talk to our correspondent in nigeria, but first let's look back at the hostage crisis that caused a global outcry. >> on the 14th of april this year, boko haram militants overran this school. they kidnapped more than 250 girls. most between the ages of 15 and 18. in a video, the group's leader said the girls would be enslaved or forced to marry boko haram fighters. the image shocked nigeria and the world.
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a social media campaign quickly went viral. attracting support from around the globe. celebrities, such as michelle obama, posted messages of support. boko haram countered with their own campaign. they released further images of the girls while their leader mocked the international outcry. >> nigerians grew angry at their governments lack of action. after several girls managed to escape they gave shocking accounts of repeated rape and other atrocities. as the six month anniversary passed, the hope the girls would be freed was windowing. now that hope has been reignited. in -- was dwindling. now that hope has been reignited.
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>> the announcement of a truce was during a newscast. what is boko haram want in return? >> both sides should immediately -- and then how to release the updated girls. [indiscernible] >> the abduction of these schoolgirls caused a global outcry. we have any idea how they are doing and if their release is imminent or if it is still being negotiated. >> it is difficult to say the condition of these girls. the guy who presented boko haram
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to the media said -- >> there are several factions and leaders in this conflict. is it known with whom the deal has been made with? >> the nigerian government [indiscernible] the boko haram leader has yet to come out and say anything concerning the cease-fire. >> there are reports that boko haram has been promised territory. how realistic is that? >> based on what the nigerian government is saying, there was no demands like --
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>> reporting on that developing story from the nigerian capital. thank you very much for that update. >> also in west africa, united nations secretary ban ki-moon has issued an urgent appeal for more money to fight ebola in that region. he says only one quarter of a million dollars needed has been pledged. >> workers have been distributing food amidst shortages in liberia's capital. food is scarce because many armors are too sick to work their fields.
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liberia has been the hardest hit. secretary of state john kerry says ending the outbreak will be costly and every nation has a part to play. >> we know that nothing one or two countries together can solve it. there is no country that is exempt from being able to do something to be able to contribute to this effort and make a difference. if we do not address this current outbreak now then ebola has the potential to become a scourge like av -- like hiv and polio. we will end up finding it -- fighting it for decades. the >> john kerry speaking about the ebola crisis.
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>> a militant group had threatened to behead one of the captives only hours before finally letting them go. a 72-year-old doctor and his 55-year-old partner were captured whilst sailing earlier this year. a ransom of 4.3 million euros was demanded. now kurdish fighters say they have repelled a number of counterattacks by islamic state militants. >> the jihadists have lost ground to the kurds, who are backed by an ongoing campaign of us-led airstrikes. kurdish activists say the ins now holds only 15% to 20% on the kurdish -- on the turkish order -- turkish border. >> thousands of fighters have joined the campaign, some of them from western countries. one controversial proposabl
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being considered is marking the identity documents of iso sympathizers. -- of is sympathizers. >> he has now become a leader of the group. germany's ministry wants to stop that from happening again. it intends to confiscate id cards from islamists in germany and give them substitute documents that cannot be used to enter turkey. >> is says on page one, not valid for leaving germany. in the middle it has the same message in other languages. >> violence has reached germany. authorities say they have evidence supporters of the band are traveling to the conflict
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zone to help threatened kurds. they are keeping a close watch on this development. >> of course it is not possible to prevent all of these supporters from departing and reentering germany. that is a problem. but we are doing everything we can. >> the biggest warning for authorities is fighters may come back to germany to commit acts of terror. germany has so far been spared from large scale attacks. >> the u.s. is leading the international coalition against the islamic state and from the beginning washington said it wanted to avoid getting drawn back into the region's conflicts. >> the pitfalls and challenges of president barack obama strategy in the middle east. >> president obama is facing
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growing pressure to escalate in iraq and syria. do you think his plan for a limited war against the islamic state could so work? >> i think as presently configured you would have to say the strategy is failing. the isis enemy is advancing both in iraq and syria. some additional pressure will be necessary. i think the president is being given recommendations for more firepower in iraq. apache helicopter gunships, more fixed wing aircraft. i think the deeper problem, as difficult as iraq is, is syria. the problem in syria is there is simply not an army on the ground that can defeat the isis terrorists. >> but if obama decides on escalation, would it make the american military engagement
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irreversible and how do you see this? >> i think obama's biggest fear is that he will, in effect, walk into a trap, he will stumble into the same kind of ever deepening commitment the u.s. founded when it invaded iraq in 2003 and put in more and more troops and found it was getting greater and greater disorder. obama fears that and yet in these campaigns the pressure that comes from the battlefield, to put in more troops -- in the battlefield to put in more troops, we know this from the it's non-and iraq and afghanistan. it is very painful to watch president obama, who wanted to turn a page in american history, to stop these interventions from being forced by the cruel logic of the situation to do precisely what he didn't want to do.
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>> do you think allies should contribute more and how do you see germany in this context? , i think the threat of the rise of isis in syria and iraq is initially a threat to europe. my only view is what germany should say is the same as what the united states should say, which is to the country's closest to this problem, saudi arabia, iraq, egypt, jordan, turkey, this is a threat to you. we are willing to help you and every way you can but you must fight extremism yourselves. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. >> that was garishly speaking to david from the washington post. a european leaders have dampened hopes of a breakthrough with russia over the crisis in ukraine.
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in a rare face-to-face meeting between russian president vladimir putin and ukrainian leader petro poroshenko yielded little signs of progress. >> the astm gathering is dedicated to european relationships. it was overshadowed by the ukraine talks. >> crisis meetings dominated the sidelines of the asem meetings. >> poroshenko said both sides made headway in the gas disutpute with russia. vladimir putin held a final one-on-one meeting with his ukrainian counterpart and said they resolved the cast dispute
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for the immediate future. >> our ukrainian partners at i agreed on the conditions to reinstate gas supplies at least for the wintertime. we discussed all the parameters of that agreement. >> poroshenko said there was still some outstanding issues. he hoped they would be wrist -- they would be resolved by another summit last week. angela merkel says there is still much to be resolved. >> we are about to take a one minutes break. two former yugoslav spies are in trial in munich framer that was committed three decades ago. >> we are back in 60 seconds.
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, it is the longest series of unsolved murders in postwar germany. the secret service of socialist yugoslavia assassinated 29 people on german soil. >> two high-ranking intelligence officials were expedited to germany. they are charged with masterminding the murder of a yugoslav to student in the southern german state of bavaria more than three decades ago. it has taken 25 years since the collapse of soviet communism and the breakup of yugoslavia to croatia's membership of the european union for any progress to be made. >> relatives of the victims hope this trial is just beginning. >> after years of legal
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wrangling the former chief of yugoslavia's secret service was extradited to germany. his close colleague was also flown to munich to stand trial. wants have been out for their arrests and awards. -- warrants have been out for their arrests. they are accused of the murder of this man. he was killed in a town near munich 31 years ago. the two men deny the charges against them. just days before he was asked divided, he said he had run a network of spies in west germany at the time. >> there is no point in giving an exact number. you we had a secret service to implement all necessary actions.
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>> at least 29 people, most of them croatian proponents, were murdered in west germany between 1967 and 1989. it is the longest unsolved series of murders in postwar germany. the victims included opponents who used violence against the yugoslav regime. to this day relatives and friends of the murder victims know very little about what happened. many are still searching for answers. >> you get the feeling the murder series will never be solved. there are no killers, they disappeared, and you will never find out who gave the order. >> some for them or agents -- some form or agents are --
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our reporters were able to track him down, where he made an astonishing statement. >> none of the people who were killed were innocent. >> the families of those victims still want justice. the trials could be the first step in exposing -- >> for travelers who rely on the country's rail rates -- railways, they will have to brace himself for destruction. the unit that represents train drivers has called for a two day strike starting early saturday morning. >> it is time to coincide with the school holidays. >> passenger rains are still --
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passenger trains are still rolling. most passengers and germany will have to make other plans. the union is fighting for higher salaries and a shorter working week. it also wants to be able to represent other rail rate staff, such as conductors -- railway staff, such as conductors. >> i think the union has gone right over the top. i hope management does not given. >> why shouldn't the strikers be paid more? that is their right. train drivers are taking germany hostage. >> deutsche bahn has accused the union of running amok. it has set up a timetable so some travelers will reach their destination. service from hamburg to basel is expected to run on schedule. several trains from copenhagen, the a germany to prod, and from moscow from berlin to paris will
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not be interrupted by the strike. deutsche bahn manages the german portion of the journey. many companies have had to suddenly move their freight shipments to trucks. >> let's look at the close on a wild week on those markets. we will turn to the franklin stock exchange. >> a very turbulent trading week. this is only a reaction on the heavy losses, or is it the start of a real recovery? traders do not know. the german index has been pushed by better than expected economic data on the housing market and consumers are in a very good mood in the middle of the week of very disappointing u.s. data cost shock. the market in europe is still in improving car sales.
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>> dante halts in frankfurt. here come the market numbers. the dax index -- euro stoxx also up by more than 3%. the dow is up to 16.3 -- 16 375. >> hunger, disease, and civil war are pushing more refugees into europe. more than 3000 refugees are expected to come to germany this year alone. , the influx is leading to anxiety amongst municipalities who are struggling to deal with all the red tape involved. >> and the final on our three-part series in germany. >> right next to the nikolai
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church is the new home of -- the two refugees fled cameroon three years ago. they travel across africa and ended up in a german refugee camp with hundreds of others. now inside an old block of shacks they finally have a home of their own. on the ground floor a few others are helping to put a garret -- put together an area where they can hang out. >> it is calm here. the germans like us. if i am out on the street they always stop and say hi. we are able to integrate well here because we live in the center of town and other areas further out. there is a lot more racism.
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>> integration, not exclusion, that is the goal. the city has run a project called refugees and residents under one roof. there haven't been any big problems but it hasn't always been easy to interact. >> some are quite reserved and preferred to keep some distance. others like me treat each other every day. you also bump into each other in the hallway. it is part of the kids and take. >> it is tight but happy. much better in any case then living in a refugees shelter. >> i hope to learn a great deal in germany.
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if i go back to cameroon later i can pass on what i have taught. >> the two tradesmen hope the application will be approved soon and they will finally be able to work in germany. >> what holds you back? this is the question that life links is asking young people around the world. >> they will share personal stories, intimately told by young reporters reporting from around the globe. >> in the first story, off to south korea to meet a young woman who escaped from north korea. >> like most of the north korean defectors, since separating the
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border is nearly impossible. looking down on the most isolated country in the world. i wonder how it is seen their home country across the river. >> i wish i could see my parents standing there. there is a way for me to tell them i am alive. i left over three years ago. they probably think i am dead. every year around two -- around 2000 to 3000 effect. that number has gone down due to stricter controls on north korea's border. during my visit to korea everybody was preparing for a national holiday. one essential part is the traditional dress the woman will wear.
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>> what would your mother said she so you like this? -- say if she saw you like this? >> i think my mother would say she is sorry she could never buy this for me. i think she would be sad. while others prepare the traditional east, she prayed for her mother not to starve so that one day they can meet again. >> that does it for us, thank you so much for watching. >> stay with us. [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org]
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♪ this week on "moyers & company," 18-year-old kelsey juliana on defending our future against climate change. >> you don't have to call yourself an activist to act. i think that's so important that people my age really get into their heads. as a younger person, i have everything to gain from taking action and everything to lose from not. >> announcer: funding is provided by -- anne gumowitz, encouraging the renewal of democracy. carnegie corporation of new york, supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement and the advancement of international peace and security at carnegie.org. the ford foundation, working with visionaries on the front lines of social change worldwide. the herb alpert foundation, supporting organizations whose mission is to promote compassion

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